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Sustainable Development Goals

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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent the greatest international agreement on sustainability of all time. They are made of 17 ambitious goals related to social development, climate issues and education, which will eventually encourage human development and maintain a livable environment for people all around the World. The SDGs are targeting the root causes of poverty, climate change, and education and food access disparities. Those SDGs must be achieved by 2030. Those often-called Global Goals were set in 2015 during the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit (Rio+20), in line with the ending of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were eight goals that aimed at ending poverty in the World. The world is facing various issues, starting with the great threat of climate change, but also income disparities and numerous warfare. Those are the main reasons why a new set of goals needed to be laid down beyond 2015. In addition, the international community has set a timeframe of 15 years to better the world, but to also learn from those previous goals, MDGs set in 2000. Indeed, even though enormous improvements have been made in reducing poverty and inequalities, poverty has not yet been eradicated completely. As they are the result of the UN Rio+20 Conference, it means that the SDGs were ratified by all the UN member states (193) and will thus influence their foreign and country policies regarding sustainable development regulations. The world is at a turning point as we are at the opening door of the 21st century. Each human being on earth should have the right, and opportunity, to enter school, have access to running water, food and hospitals, and live on a planet, with no climate hazards.

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